Some Notes Regarding the Works:
  Basic Principles:
    Trevor Batten
    Some Notes Regarding the Works KARMA I - IV:
       The works consist of closed ecologies of deterministic automata
       which, after a random start, continually re-process their own
       numerical and visual output. Within each ecology the automata
       differ slightly in colour transformation rule, movement rule and
       "footprint" (i.e the visible trace left behind as the automat moves
       around the screen space). As they move through their self created
       visual environment they modify it but are also themselves controlled
       and modified by it.
       Between the different works (KARMA I to IV) the automata remain
       principally the same but leave different combinations of visible
 By introspectively generating visible form from empty space the programs could be considered to be models of, or metaphors for, the creative process. The way in
 which the automata reinterpret the result of their actions to generate new variations in behavior can be considered to be a visual generalization of the Gödel paradox
                                exhibited by formal systems when interpreted as statements regarding themselves.
Alternative Paradigms:
                       The works may also be considered as offering alternative paradigms for currently fashionable media hype.
  User Friendly:
 The programs are extremely simple to operate. There are two operational procedures i.e. "START" and "STOP". During operation the programs do not ask to be
                     reconfigured, talked to, played with, kicked or stroked. They are not User Unfriendly -just a little bit reserved!
  Although not prone to conversing with humans, the automata are extremely interactive between themselves. Variation in behavior (subsequent to the random start
configuration) is exclusively derived from the image and/or the internal states of the (other) automata. Just because the players won't play with you doesn't mean there
 isn't a game going on!
 Virtual Reality:
  When running, the programs actually generate a Virtual world with Real Interactions taking place within it. This is surely a true "Virtual Reality" in comparison with
   the illusionary shadows one is generally asked to fly through in "Virtual Space". Anyhow, didn't Philosophers tell us that Reality (outside a computer) is always
 When operating, the programs form an intersection between visual, auditory, mathematical, electronic and conceptual (metaphorical) worlds. Although at present all
  processing takes place in the visual/mathematical world the sound could be considered as being produced by an auditory automat reading a self generated (visual)
  score. It is highly probable that interpreting the visual image generates auditory structures that are more complex than could be produced without doing so. Maybe
                              media are more interesting as generators of information than as carriers of information!
  The programs do not de-humanize, de-materialize, the human body or hybridize it into cyber-space. However, if one considers the introspective operation to be
   concerned with the functioning of the computer's own internal states within its own "silicon" body then the work could be considered to be highly relevant to a
 consideration of mind/body interactions. In a mind without body the mind may need to become the body -a body without mind is generally concidered to be dead!
Creativity and Context:
  Possibly, conceptualized mind/body interactions are more important than we realize. With the increasing dematerialization of information by the computer one may
 easily be tempted to forget that medium (and context) play an important role in the creative process. Within the computer the consequence of the physical medium is
 virtually reduced to zero. This suggests that the conceptual medium (language/context) must become more significant. 'T aint what you do, it's the way that you do it!
 Each work requires an Amiga computer to run on. The programs are developed on an Amiga 3000 but should run on any other Amiga. Because the running speed
 affects the sound, a fast Amiga (minimal 3000 -preferably 4000) is recommended. If more than one work is being presented then identical machines should be used
         for each work. It is also advisable to use an external amplifier and speakers (for each work), as monitor speakers are generally of poor quality.
 For presentation a monitor can be used standing on a computer (with the speakers on either side) placed on a simple plinth (or table) which can also be used to hide
   the rest of the equipment (i.e. the amplifier plus the mouse and keyboard, which in principle are not required after start up). Alternatively, if video projectors are
              available, the images could be projected onto a flat white screen (wall, ceiling or floor) with the speakers mounted appropriately.
  The images can be recorded on video but then the real-time (continuous) performance nature of the work is destroyed. In sound saturated environments the work
          can be presented without sound. Unfortunately the artist is unable to provide equipment. Costs are therefore dependant on local conditions.
 Because the works are real-time programs (under continuous development) which vary each time they are run, any documentation (slides or video) can only give an
                                         indication of the type of image which may be produced.
T.E.Batten Amsterdam 1996